Perioddontitis – A poorly recognized widespread disease

Periodontitis is a social handicap and results in a significant reduction in quality of life. “Current statistics show that one person in four over the age of 60 in the US has no natural teeth”.¹

Chronic periodontitis has a prevalence of up to 40 percent in the adult population, whereas more extensive tissue destruction occurs in 7-20 percent according to a report published by the Swedish Council on Technological Assessment in Health Care (SBU) from 2004, “Chronic periodontitis- prevention, diagnosis and treatment”.

Patients suffering from chronic periodontitis very often have an increased propensity for the disease potentiated by a number of other complex risk predictors. During a later stage of disease progression the tooth becomes loose or may be lost.

Inflammation of the gingiva, gingivitis, is present before chronic periodotitis devolps. The disease begins through an accumulation of bacteria in the pocket between the tooth and adjacent gingiva. Bacteria causes inflammation and destruction of the tooth supporting tissue. The disease develops during 20-30 years and culminates when the patient is fifty-sixty years old.

References

[1]
Straumann Annual Report 2007: Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA 2007